Museum – Collection of Natural History Vrissa
The Natural History Collection of Vrissa was launched in September 1999 and includes vertebrate and invertebrate fossils that lived 2 million years before, samples of minerals, ores and rocks of Lesvos, zoology and botany section with a unique value not only in Greece but also throughout Europe. The exhibition is housed in the old girls’ school of Vrissa and offers visitors the opportunity to gain an overall impression of the natural history of the area.
Among the findings bones from rhinos, camels, antelopes, gazelles, elephants and tortoiseshell are distinguished, reaching a length of 2.5 meters! In particular the major animal fossils found are: a discovered jawbone and other parts of the skeleton of two proboscides – ancestors of today’s elephant-and in various locations fossilized horse bones of various sizes and jaw bones of the carnivorous, Nyctereutes megamastoides-associate with the current raccoon-as well as bones of giraffes, deer, antelope, gazelles, cattle, sheep and turtles (impressive findings are the bones of a giant tortoise 2.5m).
However the most amazing findings is an oversized ape family, genus Paradolipithecus, the newer agents have been found in Europe.
Theotokos Monastery Koimiseos Damandriou
It is located just 5km from Polichnitos, a farm owned by the Cathedral of Mytilene. Today the old church of the monastery and its auxiliary buildings are saved, which housed for nearly three decades the nursing home of Mitropolis.
Its church is a basilica aisle with remarkable frescoes dating back to the second half of the 16th century, from when (unfortunately in poor condition) part of the narthex, the nave and sanctuary survived.
Church of St. George
Great in size and majestic, the St. George Church has replaced the pre-existence in 1805. We know the year of the construction from the inscription engraved lintel on the main entrance, which informs us that it was done by Theodore Kalfa from Vatousa, Lesvos.
The key features of the interior of the temple are, that the roofs of the three aisles are not flat, but arched, which answered the lesbian royal of the 19th century. The splint is surrounded by a colonnade, which added the glazing. The top is flat and decorated with small lozenges from the earlier habit of lesbian church decoration. The temple is carved and worthy of attention, the images of this temple is the same with the church age or younger. Also impressive is the three-story belfry, built in 1892.
Hot Springs Polichnitos
This is the warmest hot spring in Europe, and the temperatures are between 67C and 92C. Polichnitos hot springs used to be Turkish. After the release was taken by the Municipality of Polichnitos, the second tank that now serves as a pool for women was built in 1953.
The water is flowing through many sources, through primary and secondary volcanic porous rocks. It has chlorinated sources of nuclear plants 1,6 – 6 units. It is therapeutic for rheumatism, arthritis, gynecological problems and skin diseases, sciatica, etc.
There are many low buildings, surrounded by eucalyptus trees in the bathrooms with tanks that were refurbished, two Mass bathtubs, two individual tubs and two relaxation rooms, on top of the old one that operated years ago.
Wetlands of Vatera – Polichnitos
One of the most beautiful areas of Lesvos is Polychnitos at the southeast side of the Gulf of Kalloni, which is a special wetland. Over 100 bird species were recorded in the region, of which some are migratory and others not.
It is a living museum of natural history for biologists and amateur observers. This observation is throughout the year possible, but especially in the spring there is greater attendance of birds.Species such as herons, flamingos, glossy ibis and tourlids are some of the birds that can be seen. But the terrestrial habitats of Polichnitos are important parts of the region.
Reptiles, amphibians and mammals above all find shelter there. Turtles, foxes, lizards, bats, etc. complement the natural landscape. It distinguishes between the beautiful mammal vertebrates of the island and the Asian squirrel “Sciurus Anomalus” (not the joint), who lives only here.
There is special interest in various types of wetland birds and animals in Vatera in the estuaries of the Almyropotamos River and the Vourkos River.