The Museum of the Olive Press’s
The Museum of Industrial Olive is housed in a restored building from 1910 in Agia Paraskevi and is a typical example of industrial architecture. The Olive press which was created by the Cultural Foundation of the Piraeus Group which is also responsible for the operation of it is part of all significant industrial buildings on the island.
Industries first building (olive press – flour mill), the olive press worked as a Community company until 1967. In 1984, with the support of the Prefecture of Lesvos, it was restored and converted into a cultural center. Specifically the main building is converted for a multipurpose hall, capacity holds 400 people, while the olive storage rooms are converted into a Folklore Museum.
The museum shows the development of machinery, with emphasis on changes brought by the introduction of engineering to oil production. In the main building, the emphasis is on three key stages of the production of oil, the crushing of the fruit, pressing the olive paste to separate oil from water and refer to the additional function of flour mill. In the large storehouses the history of the Community olive press of Agia Paraskevi is being told, the mechanization of the oil industry on Lesvos in the broader socio-economic context and in the large storehouses oil production work is represented.
The Temple of Messa
The Temple of Messa is located in the position “Koukala” or “Kokala” in the region of Messa into the rural region of Agia Paraskevi. In ancient times, it was situated near the northern border of the territory of the ancient city Pyrra and in the middle (center) of Lesvos, where the area got its name “Messa”. The visitor can tour the archaeological site and reach the small auditorium of the paved paths, and may see near the temple and have access to the chapel of Taksiarchis with the wooden ramp.
When the Christianism was established, a Basilica was founded at the east part of the Ancient Temple. During the Byzantine Era the chapel dedicated to Taxiarhes succeeded the Basilica. The graves that we can see over there, belonged to the inhabitants of a small medieval village situated about 300 meters west of the Ancient Temple. In a small distance from the Temple of Messa, there are ruins of the ancient town of Pyrra.
Watermills of Mylopotamos
Three kilometers east of Agia Paraskevi on Location “Miloi’ passed the Mylopotamos river. A river which has water throughout the year and his name declares the usage of water. Indeed in “Miloi”, more than four water mills remain.
A beautiful journey that enchants the visitor. The water mills, pre-industrial buildings in Lesvos, played their role from ancient times to the early 20th century, when it went into operation with modern steam and later diesel engines flour mills. The one, that is in the best shape than all the others of the area, is the mill of Chatzigianni.
The Temple of Klopedi
The Temple of Klopedi was first built in the 8th century BC. It took the final shape in the mid-6th century BC, when a gallery that consisted of 46 columns surrounded it. The Aeolian columns’ capitals that we find in the “Trouloti” Church of Taxiarhes – Napi, came from the Temple of Klopedi. Their particular characteristics are the two big spirals that revolve around both the right and left side of a big vegetable ornament (blossom).
The Paleo-Christian Church of Chalinado
The Paleo Christian Church of Xalinado was built around 550 to 600 A.D. Big part of it was destroyed because of an earthquake. The Temple consists of three aisles and a temple vestibule. The main temple is rectangular and bears an arch to the east side. The aisles are separated by two rows of columns decorated with relief capitals.
The integral medieval arch “Bridge of Kremasti” is well maintained. It is the bridge of Tsiknia, a violent river of the area. It was built by the Gatelouzi (1355-1432) for military reasons as well as for commercial needs. The material for its construction came from the Ancient Temple Klopedi and the Church of St Theraponta that is situated close to the Ancient Temple.